Bob, you're quite right about lasers. I've worked with lasers briefly, in the past. They do collate light, and they do keep beams quite tight over long distances. I don't know why Kazminski can't just use lasers; it sounds like he's reinventing the wheel.
Here is Christine's message for today:
Your friend Bob is right about lasers. They are quite useful devices, and we use them even today. But we have many applications that require light to be kept in even tighter boundaries than even lasers can offer. The methods we use are very different from Kazminski's.
What puzzles us is that we can't think of anything in your day that would require super-laser light. Think of it from your perspective: who would have needed a laser in 1922? Or a computer? What could anyone have thought of to do with a laser or computer in 1922? The approach Kazminski is taking will be a historical dead-end solution to this problem, but we can't understand why he thinks he needs to solve the problem at all.
Qwerty, optical fibers are also very good at containing light, and I don't know why Kazminski isn't just using those. You asked about the problem of the hydrogen coming out of the hole. Here's a quick explanation. Stars shine because they fuse together hydrogen into helium, and sometimes, helium into heavier elements like carbon and oxygen. Young stars are about 75% hydrogen, 25% helium, and trace amounts of heavier elements. As they age, the stars burn through their hydrogen to make more helium, and some of the helium gets burned into heavier elements. So as a star ages, the concentration of heavy elements (called, for some reason, "metallicity,") in its gas goes up.
The "hydrogen" coming out of the hole in Hawaii is about 75% hydrogen, about 25% helium. We call it hydrogen because the helium is relatively harmless compared to the hydrogen, what with the poisoning and the exploding and the death. The confusion is that the metallicity - the concentration of carbon, oxygen, and so on - is lower than for the Sun. The stuff coming out of the hole looks like it comes out of a much younger star than the Sun. Which is very odd.
I don't know if this is the case...but maybe...run it past Christine and see if it makes sense.
Let's say that some scientist was absolutely convinced that he had perfected a sustainable fusion process. Let's also say he was equally convinced that it was safe and reliable. Would it not then be a reasonable expectation that he would decide to expand his experiment such that he would devise a method of providing a seemingly inexhaustable supply of Hydrogen? A wormhole into a young star would be ideal, wouldn't it?
In my mind, Kazminski is definitely a key to the entire problem. I believe he is (or will soon be) experimenting with fusion energy technologies and he will cause the Hydrogen leak as a side-effect of seeking a means of fueling the process.
If I am correct then what do we do? We cannot change what he will do (other than how we may have already done in our future and Christine's past) but we must learn as much as possible in order to help Christine understand what is happening and what is to be done to stop it. It may prove to be that we will have to obtain, through whatever means are available to us, the exact plans and specifications of the system AFTER it has been built. That could be a key factor because every construction engineer will tell you that the plans and the finished product are never 100% in accord. We will need the plans and a detailed accounting of the variations from the plan. In fact, I suspect it will be one of the variations that will prove to be the root cause of the disaster.
I'll clarify my question, can it be determined if the hydrogen is coming from our sun, but at a younger age? If so, how long ago in time, does that side of the wormhole exist inside the sun?
Other random thoughts: maybe the quartz shield that was found was used by Kazminski. If a wormhole can't be closed, can one end be moved next to the other end (off of Earth into the star)? A researcher in our time may have created a wormhole but without being aware that one end is in the past and the other in the future. Wouldn't hydrogen be very hot if it came directly from inside a star?